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London Travel Guide

Roman Londinium

Londinium was established by the Romans where they were invading British at AD 43. The name Londinium was a Roman adaptation of its native name Llyn Din that means "the City, or Fortress, of the Lake". There are some people who belief that before of Romans, there was a major settlement, but any evidence of habitation has been found.

Romans occupied a relatively small area and approximately at AD 60 it was sacked by the Iceni led by their British Queen Boudica. Suetonius, a Roman General, defeated the Queen and the city was quickly rebuilt as a planned Roman town and recovered after about 10 years. During the 2nd century Londinium was at its height and replaced Colchester as the capital of Roman Britain (Britannia). It boasted major public buildings, including the largest basilica north of the Alps, a governor's palace, temples, bath houses, amphitheatre and a large fort for the city garrison. Political instability and recession from the 3rd century onwards, however, led to a slow decline.

When Roman Empire declined in the 5th century, the Roman occupation of Britain ends in 410 AD and the Londinium city was abandoned.

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