England travel guide




Liverpool Travel Guide

The City of Liverpool

Liverpool situated along the Merseyside river and at 353km (219 miles) NW of London; 166km (103 miles) NW of Birmingham; 56km (35 miles) W of Manchester is the fifth most populous city in England with 816,000 in the Liverpool Urban Area and recently awarded as the European Capital of Culture 2008.

Its habitants are referred to as Liverpudlians and nicknamed "Scousers", in reference to the local meal known as 'scouse', a form of stew.

Liverpool origins stretched back to the 1st. century A.D. when a settlement first appeared on the bank of the Mersey. In August 1207 King John issue the letters patent advertising the establishment of a new borough at Liverpool and inviting settlers to come. Initially it served as a port for shipping troops and materials to Ireland.

For several centuries the city remained as small and relatively unimportant settlement and was in the 17th and 18th centuries when Liverpool became one of the UKís major trading cities and began its development.

The 18th century was the period where Liverpool began to grow. The first Britainís wet dock was built in Liverpool in 1715 and with the profits from the slave trade helped the town grow and prosper. In the earlier 19th century the 40% of the world's trade was passing through the docks at Liverpool.

Today Liverpool is recovering from a depressing slump and it is revitalizing its streets and bracing for an exciting future and taking its rightful place as one of Europe's premier cities.

As well as Liverpool is a large commercial city also has many attractions for the visitors with large parks and impressive public buildings which reflect the city's rich heritage.

Recently Victorian Albert Dock was redevelopment successfully and now become a major tourist attraction, of chic cafes, restaurants and designer shops, which attracts more than 5 million visitors to Liverpool each year. Other main attractions are the Liver Building, the Cunard Building and the Port of Liverpool Building.

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