England travel guide




Chester Travel Guide

The City of Chester

Chester is a very lovely and historic English city on the river Dee in the North-Western county of Cheshire.

Known as the “Camp of the Great Legion”, was called by the Romans Deunana or Deva, being half surrounded by the Dee. After the withdrew of Romans, the city fell to the share of Hugh Lupus, a nephew of William the Conqueror, who was created Earl of Chester, and was the builder of the first castle. His descendants were Earls of Chester until the reign of Henry III., when the earldom was conferred upon Prince Edward, whose son, Edward of Carnarvon, was the first Prince of Wales.

The streets of Chester are extremely picturesque, Old Bridge Street and Watergate Street being perhaps two of the best examples, abounding as they do in mediaeval timber work and oak carving. But the most remarkable architectural features of the city are the “Rows”. These Rows, which contain the chief shops, are level with the first floors of the houses; the second floor projects over them, forming a covered way. The streets were cut into the red sandstone by the Romans to a depth of 10 feet, the Rows marking the natural level.

Within attractions that Chester offers, the old walls of the city are among the most perfect in the kingdom, and measure nearly 2 miles in circumference, with four gates, one marking each point of the compass. The east gate, showing the termination of the great Roman Watling Street, was rebuilt in 1769. Chester Cathedral is the most complete monastic building in UK. The west front, with the Bishop’s Palace on its left, is perhaps the best feature of the exterior; while the Bishop’s Throne, in the cathedral is a wonderfully early piece of carving, ornamented with figures of the kings of Mercia.

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